As with other sources, YouTube videos cited in your work should be added to a reference list at the end of your document.
The format is as follows:
What Should I Reference?
However, no citation is required when referring to something that is common knowledge (e.g. ‘Paris is in France’ or ‘fire is hot’) or when something is your own work (e.g. survey results or an illustration).
‘Harvard referencing’ is another term for parenthetical referencing, meaning Harvard citations are given in the main body of your text rather than in footnotes. This makes it easier for your reader to see what you have referenced and the influences on your work.
Compare your paper with over 60 billion web pages and 30 million publications.
Extensive research (Brown, 2013) indicates that…..
It is also possible to use a shortened YouTube link instead of the long one in the address bar of the web browser. Under the share section on the YouTube video page there is the shortened link.
Sometimes, students do not encounter referencing until they embark onto degree-level studies, yet it is a crucial academic skill that will propel you towards establishing yourself in the academic community. So, if you need a helping hand with your referencing then why not try the Cite This For Me Harvard referencing generator? The Cite This For Me automated referencing generator accesses knowledge from across the web, assembling all of the relevant information into a formatted reference list that clearly presents all of the sources that have contributed to your work. Using this citation generator to cite your sources enables you to cross the finish line in style.
In Harvard referencing, in-text citations include a name and a year. For a blog post, then, you need the author’s surname and the year the post was last updated:
Published on 14 February 2020 by Jack Caulfield. Revised on 22 June 2020.
Citing a Blog Comment in Harvard Referencing
As such, a reference for a blog comment would look like this:
‘Harvard referencing’ is an umbrella term for any referencing style that uses the author name and year of publication within the text to indicate where you have inserted a source. This author-date system appeals to both authors and readers of academic work. Scholars find the format an economical way of writing, and it is generally more accessible to the reader as there are no footnotes crowding the page. Only the name of the author, the publication date of the source and, if necessary, the page numbers are included in parenthetical references, for example:
• Example: Bloor, M., Wood, F. (2006). Keywords in Qualitative Methods: a vocabulary of research concepts. London: Sage Publications.
The key in all cases is making sure your reader can find the post you’ve cited.
Blogs can be a great source of information when researching an essay (as long as you make sure they’re reliable sources). But how do you cite a blog post or a comment on a blog in Harvard referencing? Follow the tips below to find out.
In-Text Example 3: when citing a direct quote you must include page numbers:
Referencing a YouTube video Harvard style in text
Should you want to directly quote a YouTube video then a time stamp must be used to show the part of the video that is being quoted.
You should then provide full source information in your reference list.
As such, you should always check your institution’s style guide for details on how to reference sources, since online instructions for using ‘Harvard’ citations may differ from one university to the next.
Author, Initial(s). (Year of publication/last update) Re: ‘Title of post’, Name of Blog, day and month of comment [Blog comment]. Available at URL (Accessed date).
Note that some universities, and certain disciplines, may also require you to provide a bibliography. This is a detailed list of all of the material you have consulted throughout your research and preparation, and it will demonstrate the lengths you have gone to in researching your chosen topic.
• Example: Rice, R. et al. (2001). Accessing and browsing: information and communication. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Austerity policies invariably fail (Quiggin, 2021).
Similar to more conventional in-text references you need to have the username of the person who uploaded the video, even if you know the real name of the person who created the video, as well as the date when it was posted. For example:
Variations of Harvard
“The relationship between creativity and grades at the UFT is zero” (Madjarov42, 2016, 00:02:54-00:03:02)
Anti-poaching measures are effective (Save the Rhino, 2017).
People sometimes worry their work doesn’t contain ‘enough’ citations, but the key to good referencing is knowing when a citation is needed. For Harvard-style referencing, this includes when:
Rapier. (2021) Re: ‘Economic lessons of the 20-year armistice’, Crooked Timber, 18 February 2021 [Blog comment]. Available at https://crookedtimber.org/2021/02/18/economic-lessons-of-the-20-year-armistice/#commentid38923 (Accessed 23 March 2021).
While in-text references are used in the Harvard referencing system to briefly indicate where you have directly quoted or paraphrased a source, your reference list is an alphabetised list of complete references that enables your reader to locate each source with ease. Each entry should be keyed to a corresponding parenthetical reference in the main body of your work so that a reader can take an in-text citation and quickly retrieve the source from your reference list.
Books with more than three authors – give the name of the first author, followed by ‘et al.’ (which means ‘and others’).
As with in-text citations, up to three authors should be listed; when there are four or more, list only the first author followed by ‘et al.’:
Jordan Peterson highlights that there is no relation between grades and creativity. (Madjarov42, 2016).
• Example: Crosbie, J. (2013) More refugees in 2012 than for 20 years, says UN. Irish Times, 19 June, p. 11
Books with two or three authors
Harvard in-text citation requires that you cite in brackets the name of the creator of the work, and the date of publication.
Format: Author surname, Initial. (Year). Title. Designation (Level, e.g. MSc, PhD.), Institution.
Whilst it is clear that Jordan Peterson is the creator of the video, the username of the individual who uploaded the video, in this case Madjarov42, is used in the citations. It is easier to put the in-text reference at the end of the sentence rather than to try incorporate it at the beginning.
Format: Author surname, Initial. (Year) Title of document [Online] Organisation responsible (optional). Available from: web address [Accessed date].
Use the Cite This For Me Harvard referencing generator to create your fully-formatted in-text references and reference list in the blink of an eye.
It is important to bear in mind that there is a plethora of different referencing styles out there – the use of any particular one depends on the preference of your university, subject, professor or the publication you are submitting the work to. If you’re unsure which style you should be using, consult your tutor and follow their guidelines. The Cite This For Me Harvard referencing generator above will create your references in the Harvard – Cite Them Right (10th Edition) format as standard, but it can auto-generate references in 7,000+ styles. So, whether your professor has asked you to adopt APA referencing, or your discipline requires you to use OSCOLA referencing, Vancouver or MLA, we have the style you need. To accurately create references in a specific format, simply sign up to Cite This For Me and select your chosen style.
Brown (2013) states that the key …….
Ronson , J. (2012). The psychopath test: a journey through the madness industry. London: Picador.
The information included will vary depending on the type of source, but will broadly include:
1) academic in nature and
In-Text Example 1: when the authors name forms part of the sentence:
Don’t be confused if you see a reference of a YouTube video in a book where the name of the creator is used instead of the person who uploaded the video. This is the structure of the MLA referencing format.
There are many variations of the Harvard style. Be sure to match the Harvard style that best suits the style recommended in your course handbook, and always ask your tutor which referencing style they want you to use in your academic work.
2) presented by experts in the given field.
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And if you’d like to be sure your citations and references are error free, you can have one of our Harvard referencing experts check them. Simply submit your work for proofreading today and let us know which version of Harvard you’ve used.
A good example is an online documentary done by the BBC that is not available on their channel but is available on YouTube.
‘Harvard referencing’ is really a broad term used to describe parenthetical referencing in general and many universities have their own in-house version of the ‘system’.
This guide will look at how you would reference using the Harvard citation style.
With over 300 hours worth of video content uploaded to YouTube every hour you may wonder how you could cite some of the relevant content in your essay or dissertation. However, many universities do not consider YouTube videos to be traditional sources of academic writing and as such the rules for how to reference a Youtube video in Harvard style are different.
Welcome to the UCL guide to referencing with Harvard. This site contains guidance on how to reference a range of different types of source using (a form of) Harvard. Watch the video above for an overview of Harvard referencing, and some of the basic principles to follow when using this style.
Skelton, A. (2011). ‘Value conflicts in higher education teaching’, Teaching in Higher Education, 17(3), pp.257-268. doi : 10.1080/13562517.2011.611875.
This post uses a version of Harvard referencing based on the Open University guide [PDF]. However, the exact rules for citing a blog post may depend on the version you’re is using, so make sure to check your style guide if you have one.
Note: some universities will require the URL to be inside pointed brackets<> followed by a fullstop
It is a parenthetical referencing system that is made up of two main components:
Save the Rhino. (2017) ‘De-horning’, Save the Rhino, 20 August 2017 [Blog]. Available at https://www.savetherhino.org/thorny-issues/de-horning/ (Accessed 21 March 2021).
We do advise that you use good quality YouTube videos and by this we mean that they are: